Postnormal Times Theory


PNT Reader Cover

Sardar, Ziauddin (ed.). The Post Normal Times Reader. London: Centre for Policy and Future Studies (CPPFS), 2016.An anthology of key papers on origins, concepts and methods of postnormal times theory, the Reader also explores a whole range of issues - from science, religion, cinema, governance and creativity to European Union and East-West relations from the postnormal perspective. Get the EBook HereDownload the Book (PDF)

Muslim Societies in PNT Cover

Sardar, Ziauddin, Jordi Serra, and Scott Jordan. Muslim Societies in Postnormal Times: Foresight for Trends, Emerging Issues and Scenarios. London: International Institute for Islamic Thought (IIIT), 2019. Where will Muslim societies be tomorrow? The world is increasingly and constantly changing, making it hard to keep up. Normal is no longer capable of upholding the promise of tomorrow’s certainty. In this storm of ignorance and uncertainty, Muslim societies stand to lose the most. But this is not destiny. In the cultivation of a new type of literacy – futures literacy – there resides a hope. Muslim Societies in Postnormal Times offers an alternative where we can ‘rescue’ and decolonise our futures. Get the EBook Here.



"Covid-19: The Postnormal Perfect Storm" The International Postnormal Times Discourse Series - Hosted by IIIT East and South East Asia, virtually held on 15 May 2020. CPPFS's Jordi Serra del Pino, Christopher Jones, Liam Mayo, and Zia Sardar talk Covid-19 and PNT, moderated by Scott Jordan

"Policy-Making in Postnormal Times" The Global Foresight Summit - Held Virtually, from 9-11 April 2020. CPPFS Deputy Director Jordi Serra del Pino talks about how policy-making must adapt to PNT, especially in light of the pandemic.


Articles and Essays


Healy, Stephen. “Post-Normal Science in Postnormal Times.” Futures 43, no. 2 (March 2011): 202–8. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2010.10.009.

Kuzmanovic, Maja, and Nik Gaffney. “Enacting Futures in Postnormal Times.” Futures, May 2016. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2016.05.007.

Montuori, Alfonso. “Beyond Postnormal Times: The Future of Creativity and the Creativity of the Future.” Futures 43, no. 2 (March 2011): 221–27. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2010.10.013.

Sardar, Ziauddin. “Postnormal Artefacts.” World Future Review 7, no. 4 (December 1, 2015): 342–50. doi:10.1177/1946756715627370.

———. “Postnormal Times Revisited.” Futures 67 (March 2015): 26–39. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2015.02.003.

———. “The Future of Arab Spring in Postnormal Times.” American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 30 (2013): 125–36.

———. “The smog of ignorance: Knowledge and wisdom in postnormal times." Futures 120 (May 2020): 1-12.

———. “Welcome to Postnormal Times.” Futures 42, no. 5 (June 2010): 435–44. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2009.11.028.

Sardar, Ziauddin, and John A. Sweeney. “The Three Tomorrows of Postnormal Times.” Futures 75 (January 2016): 1–13. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2015.10.004.

Serra del Pino, Jordi. "Municipios ante los retos posnormales Municipalities facing the postnormal challenge." Revista IAPEM, num 97 (mayo-agosto 2017): 11-20.

———. “Posthumanos Postnormales.” In ¿Humanos O Posthumanos?. Barcelona: Fragmenta Editorial, 2015.

Serra, Jordi. “Postnormal Governance.” East-West Affairs: A Quarterly Journal of North-South Relations in Postnormal Times 2, no. 5 (March 2014): 5–13.

Serra, Jordi and Ziauddin Sardar. "Intelligence in Postnormal Times." World Futures Review 9, no. 1 (May 30, 2017): 1-21. doi:10.1177/1946756717709277

Sweeney, John A. “Command-and-Control: Alternative Futures of Geoengineering in an Age of Global Weirding.” Futures 57 (March 2014): 1–13. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2013.12.005.

———. “Infectious Connectivity: Affect and the Internet in Postnormal Times.” In Futures of the Internet, edited by Jenifer Winter and Ryota Ono. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2015.

———. “Signs of Postnormal Times.” East-West Affairs: A Quarterly Journal of North-South Relations in Postnormal Times 1, no. 3/4 (December 2013): 5–12.

Articles and Essays Featured in Critical Muslim

Appignanesi, Richard. "Postculture.Critical Muslim 29 (January - March 2019): 70-87.

Dator, Jim. "Indivocollectivity." Critical Muslim 29 (January - March 2019):163-166.

Hyökki, Linda. "My Future Lessons.Critical Muslim 29 (January - March 2019): 126-131.

Inayatullah, Sohail. "Futures Through Stories.Critical Muslim 29. (January - March 2019): 55-69.

Jones, Christopher B. "Touching the Future.Critical Muslim 29. (January - March 2019): 40-54.

———. "Gaia 2.0Critical Muslim 31. (July - September 2019). 35-46.

Jordan, C Scott. "Postnormal Words.Critical Muslim 28. (October - November 2018): 158-169.

———. "Afrofuturism in Postnormal Times.Critical Muslim 29. (January - March 2019): 148-162.

Sarajkić, Mirza. "Futures in the Qur'an." Critical Muslim 29. (January - March 2019): 16-26.

Sardar, Ziauddin. "Introduction: Postnormal Horizons.Critical Muslim 29. (January - March 2019): 3-15.

Serra del Pino, Jordi. "Futures in Five Scenes.Critical Muslim 29. (January - March 2019): 27-39.

Tudge, Colin. "Gourmet Futures.Critical Muslim 26. (April - June 2018): 77-85.

Van Leemput, Maya. "Futures of Cities.Critical Muslim 29. (January - March 2019): 88-100.


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