Ziauddin Sardar

In 2010, Sardar outlined the concept "Postnormal Times" in a paper published in Futures: The journal of policy, planning, and futures studies. Since 2013, Sardar has worked as Director at the Centre for Postnormal Policy and Futures Studies. He is also a frequent commentator on current affairs and regularly makes media appearances in Britain and around the world. Sardar's personal website outlines his numerous intellection pursuits. His publications on PNT include:

Sardar, Ziauddin. "East-West in Postnormal Times." East-West Affairs: A Quarterly Journal of North-South Relations in Postnormal Times 1, no. 1 (January 2013): 1–10.

———. “Postnormal Artefacts.” World Future Review 7, no. 4 (December 1, 2015): 342–50. doi:10.1177/1946756715627370.

———. “Postnormal Times Revisited.” Futures 67 (March 2015): 26–39. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2015.02.003.

———. “The Future of Arab Spring in Postnormal Times.” American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 30 (2013): 125–36.

———. “Welcome to Postnormal Times.” Futures 42, no. 5 (June 2010): 435–44. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2009.11.028.

Sardar, Ziauddin, and John A. Sweeney. “The Three Tomorrows of Postnormal Times.” Futures 75 (January 2016): 1–13. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2015.10.004.

Read more about Ziauddin on CPPFS.org

Timeline

I think therefore I am
I progress therefore I am
I shop therefore I am
I share therefore I am
Defined
Monolithic
Relative
Contradictory
I am tradition and culture
I am science and technology
I am what I buy
I am online
Simple, Closed
Complicated, Closed
Complex, Open
Open, Interconnected, Chaotic
Conquest, Supremacy, Progress
Progress, Efficiency, Modernization
Relativism, Plurality, Individuality
Complexity, Chaos, Contradictions